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Court Pendu Plat

A European variety.
Synonyms: Rouge, Wise Apple (because flowers late and escapes the spring frost). Known as Court Pendu Rouge in France.
Originally from Europe, the variety is believed to date back to C17th or earlier. Mentioned circa 1613 by J Bauhin, who found it growing among Gallic Roman ruins at Mandeure, Doubs, Franche Comte. Its history has been much confused with Court Pendu Gris. Claimed Roman origin, but Leroy (1873) considered Court Pendu Gris had more ancient associations.  'Capendu', synonym Court Pendu Gris, appeared in accounts of Normandy Abbeys in C15th.  In 1420 it was on sale in Rouen market; before 1483 it was grown by Benoist, gardener to Louis XI in Plessis-lez-Tours, but by C16th it was grown all over France, Italy and Switzerland. Some claimed it was Roman and Cestiana of Pliny.  Estinne named it Court Pendu in 1540, because it was 'short hanged', (had a short stalk).  'Capendu' known to Parkinson in 1629; in England it was known as Court Pendu Plat by the C19th

Court Pendu Plat is rich and fruity, with strong pineapple-like acidity which mellows to become sweet and scented, yet still intensely flavoured in February.
For centuries it has been valued for desserts, and was among the top ten Victorian dessert apples, prized for its orange-red colour with vermillion flush. It was also valued as decorative tree to border walks, or grown in pots to set about formal gardens.
Both Court Pendu Gris and Plat are grown in France and Belgium.  Both are used for cooking, dried and made into 'pates des fruits'.
Fruit size is medium/small of flat/rounded shape, and the flesh is pale cream.

Pick mid-late October; store December/January-April

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All information relating to varieties, characteristics and descriptions is sourced from the following:

Bultitude, J. 1984. Apples: a guide to the identification of international varieties. London: Macmillan Press.

Morgan, M. and Richards, A. 2002. The new book of apples. London: Ebury Press.

National Fruit Collection public access database at Brogdale Farm, Kent.

Images on variety description pages are the copyright of STAA unless otherwise stated.

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